The precursors of explosives are governed by the EU Regulation 2019/1148 which replaces and repeals the EU Regulation 98/2013.
The Regulation applies from 1 February 2021.
The precursors of explosives are divided into two annexes:
- Annex I: restricted substances
- Annex II: Reporting substances
Economic operators have:
nitric acid (3%), hydrogen peroxide (12%), sulfuric acid (15%), nitromethane (16%), ammonium nitrate (45.7%), potassium chlorate (40%), potassium perchlorate ( 40%), sodium chlorate (40%) and sodium perchlorate (40%).
hexamine, acetone, potassium nitrate, sodium nitrate, calcium nitrate, nitric acid-ammonium and calcium salt, magnesium nitrate hexahydrate, aluminum-powders, magnesium-powders.
There are no verification obligations but only to inform the customer through:
Any purchase (even if only attempted) of one or more explosives precursors (alone or in mixtures) that deviates from one's work activity is considered a suspicious transaction.
For example: a small farmer asking for a truck of ammonium nitrate or a hobbyist who buys twenty 5-kilogram bags of potassium nitrate.
In such cases, you can refuse the sale and in any case make the report (trying to give as much information as possible).
Transactions are also to be reported (even without a sale) during which the buyer has suspicious behavior, some indicators may be: he appears nervous or avoids questions or is not a type of regular customer; attempts to purchase products in unusual quantities, combinations or concentrations; insists on paying in cash; is reluctant to provide proof of identity, place of residence or other information.
The difference between theft and disappearance is that in the first case we have immediate evidence of the fact (eg: door with signs of burglary), while in the second we can only notice it later (eg: during a periodic stock check). The use of the term "significant" serves to exclude, for example, the normal cases of shoplifting in which several items disappear from a department store or a theft that involved mainly plant protection products and only a few bags of fertilizer.